If a custodial parent wishes to relocate with his or her child, the other parent may need to agree to the move. In the event that the other parent doesn't agree to the move, the case may need to be settled in court. Should a relocation dispute go to court, the judge will take several factors into account before deciding if the relocation can take place.
For instance, the judge must decide if the child is being moved too far from the other parent. A long move could wreak havoc on the current visitation rights of the other parent. Even if another visitation schedule can be worked out, it would need to be viewed as something that is in the best interest of the child. However, a relocation may be allowed over the objection of the other parent if express consent was already given.